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Puerto Plata, Dominican Republic

Puerto Plata coat of arms by king Phillip II
Puerto Plata coat of arms, by King Phillip II of Spain.

Puerto Plata is the most important city of the Northern Dominican Republic. It is the birthplace of tourism in the island, and was once described as “the most beautiful land human eyes will ever see” (Christopher Columbus, October 12th, 1492). 

Puerto Plata was founded by Nicolás de Ovando at the beginning of Spanish colonization, around 1502. It was one of the cities devastated in 1606 and it was not repopulated until 1736.

In the early 1970`s the city was chosen for its coastal characteristics as a tourist destination by presidential decree. As part of the Puerto Plata refurbishment program for tourism purposes, the infrastructure of the historic center was improved. The first major beach resort development, Playa Dorada, was built complete with golf course in 1972.

Later, Costa Dorada was built right next, adding more resorts. The variety of Victorian architecture enhances the charm of Puerto Plata. aesthetically pleasing, the delicately carved wood and the pastel colors of its houses and public buildings take us to a romantic past of the old city, now considered World Heritage by the UNESCO.

A Very Diverse Destination

As a destination, Puerto Plata offers a varied, complete landscape scenery that includes beautiful beaches, rivers, mountains and forests. Its beach towns of Cofresi, Sosua, Cabarete, Costambar, and Cabarete are all developed tourist destinations with a high expat population from countries from virtually all over the world. 

Puerto Plata on Video:

The Brugal Rum Factory

Brugal Rum was founded by Andrés Brugal Montaner, a Catalan from Sitges who migrated to Cuba and ended up settling in Puerto Plata. In 1888, he founded Brugal & Co. using the experience in the manufacture of rum that he had acquired in Cuba, starting a centuries-old family and business saga dedicated to producing Dominican rum of the best quality. In fact, the descendants of Andrés Brugal still manage the business from Puerto Plata. The factory offers tours of its production facilities in Puerto Plata.

San Felipe Fortress

Still standing guard after more than 400 years, the San Felipe fortress overlooks the port and bay of Puerto Plata, at the tip of the Malecon ( ocean drive ). Commissioned by Phillip II of Spain in 1577, this fortress was later a prison and a silent witness to major historical developments of the Dominican Republic. In 2016, the local park that surrounds it called La Puntilla was given a facelift with the added bonus of a gorgeous amphitheater.

San Felipe Fortress in Puerto Plata, Dominican Republic

The Cable Car

One of the attractions of Puerto Plata is the ride up the mountain in a cable car ( locally called Teleferico ) that runs 800 meters to the top of the Isabel De Torres mountain that overlooks the entire city. From the top the views are breathtaking, specially of the Atlantic Ocean. There is an art gallery, cafeteria, gift shops and a large botanical garden worth visiting.

The Cathedral

Located in the historic center of the city of Puerto Plata, the San Felipe Apóstol Cathedral is an impressive example of modern Victorian architectural style, and one of the most visited religious buildings on the north coast of the Dominican Republic for its historical and cultural value. Although its foundation dates back to 1502, the current San Felipe Apóstol Cathedral was built in the 20th century.

San Felipe Cathedral in Puerto Plata

The original temple of imported wood possessed one of the most beautiful facades of a religious building in the country. In the year 1863, it was devastated by the flames of the arson called "Patriotic Fire" during the Restoration War that destroyed the city of Puerto Plata. It was not until 1929 that the reconstruction of this temple began. This work was completed in 1956 by Tancredo Aybar Castellanos.

In 2003, an earthquake affected the structure, forcing the complete restoration of the temple in 2008. Outside the San Felipe Apóstol Cathedral, there are two large bell towers, three large front doors, and a huge frontal stained glass window in the form of a cross that represents the Ascension of Christ. Inside, its 12 huge columns that support the structure, colorful stained glass windows and its large central altar stand out.

The Amber Museum

Dominican Amber is regarded as being among the best in the world, and its fame rose higher when the movie Jurassic Park featured a piece of Dominican Amber with a fossilized prehistoric species, the rest we all know. The Amber museum in Puerto Plata offers guided tours to visitors, and displays a very important collection of the semiprecious, million-year resin that "froze" Jurassic flora and fauna in time. The museum is located inside a historic 18th-century Victorian mansion, Villa Bentz.

POP Airport - Gregorio Luperon International

The local airport in Puerto Plata is Gregorio Luperon, code POP. As commonly known, POP airport is located on the shores of the Atlantic, sitting between Playa Dorada and Sosua. Daily international flights from the United States and Europe make possible that visitors from all over the world come to Puerto Plata to spend their vacations. American Airlines, Canada Jet and Air Berlin are among the ones we see daily taking off and landing at the POP.

Amber Cove Cruise Ship Port

2015 was the year where Puerto Plata would become a cruise ship hub in the Americas, and add a million more visitors a year thanks to the opening of the Carnival Cruises Amber Cove Port. With an estimated investment of US$85 million, this port with two berths can accommodate 10,000 passengers and has a complete set of facilities that include water park, game area, bars, gift shops, rental bungalows, and access to the North Coast tours.

The Silver Port Name 

About the origin of the name of Puerto Plata ( silver port ). One version says that when Christopher Columbus discovered the Dominican Republic he skirted the Amber Coast until reaching the present bay of Puerto Plata. In it the sun reflected in the sea giving the impression that it was a sea of silver coins, hence the name.

 

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KEY HISTORICAL FIGURES

Sources & Bibliography:

Lonely Planet | Puerto Plata by Wikipedia

Dominican Ministry of Tourism

Puerto Plata History by Sam Night 

US News & Travel: Best of Puerto Plata 

Puerto Plata - Encyclopaedia Britannica

Images Copyright © Brugal, Instituto Duartiano,Amber Cove, Golden Treasures,

Dominican Top Ten; Video by the Dominican Ministry of Tourism.